"The SPM candidates today are also the group of students who had to go through the longest annual SPM class session."

On February 22nd this year, 401,405 students nationwide sat for the long-awaited SPM examinations. After months of deliberation, the Ministry of Education decided to proceed with the examinations amidst the battle against COVID-19. As the pandemic forced the closure of schools and the sudden transition to online learning, this same batch of students also recorded the longest annual SPM class session of almost 14 months.

With these new procedures in place, future students can expect to sit for their SPM examinations on time - but did you know that you'll also have to prepare for a new SPM format? This applies to all SPM subjects, including Bahasa Melayu. What do you need to know about the new SPM Malay format? Keep reading for a glance at all the Bahasa Melayu papers in SPM 2021 - it's time to master the skills of the Malay language.

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Article essay SPM in Bahasa Melayu Kertas 1

How well can students apply, analyse, evaluate and create ideas through writing? Kertas 1 (1103/1) in the SPM Malay subject looks at students' writing skills by assessing their ability to generate ideas, creatively apply the language, demonstrate an appreciation for the language, and use proper discourse markers. Students display their writing skills via limited-response and open-response questions in the paper.

What does this mean? The paper is split into two sections - Bahagian A and Bahagian B. In Bahagian A, students are presented with a single question, created based on a combination of various stimulus-guided materials. As an example, the student may be asked to write a resume for a job he or she is interested in but must consider only the three job advertisements in the question.

Since Bahagian A is a limited-response subjective question, students only need to write a 150-t0-200-word essay. On the other hand, Bahagian B comprises 4 questions, however, students only need to answer just one. As an open-response subjective question, students are expected to write longer essays - although the new format now provides students with short excerpts prior to the question to give students a better idea of what to include in their essay.

Form 5 students have 2 hours to complete this paper which contributes 100 marks to the overall score of the SPM Malay paper. Find out more about SPM Malay essay writing to master your article essay SPM for Bahasa Melayu.

Article essay SPM Malay
In Bahagian A of Kertas 1, students are to write an essay based on various stimuli provided in the question. Bahagian B, however, allows students to choose 1 out of the 4 questions to write about. Source: write-a-book.org

What is the article format SPM for Bahasa Melayu Kertas 2?

It's time to look at the level of understanding, application, analysis, evaluation and creativity in the reading skills among Form 5 students. Although Kertas 2 (1103/2) is also a written examination like Bahasa Melayu Kertas 1, this paper focuses on the ability of students to read and understand the language. Can students accurately identify information, state the meanings of words, interpret and reflect on texts, and make connections between these ideas?

The reading skills of students are also tested via limited-response and open-response questions, which are categorised into Bahagian A, Bahagian B, and Bahagian C. Bahagian A highlights systems and applications of the Malay language in these 5 areas or questions: morphology (morfologi), syntax (sintaksis), editing (penyuntingan), use of classic and standard Malay (bahan teks klasik dan Bahasa Melayu Moden), and proverbs (peribahasa).

After analysing and interpreting texts in Bahagian A, students will list out the meanings of words, replace words or sentences, create new sentences or identify errors from the texts. For Bahagian B, students have to answer 3 comprehension questions related to Form 4 and Form 5 literature, including the traditional poems, short stories, dramas and novels they have already learnt.

Lastly, the question is Bahagian C is constructed based on a short essay and another stimulus (such as a poster or poem). Students are to write a summary, in less than 120 words, following these two items. The Kertas 2 Bahasa Melayu article format SPM lasts 2 hours and 30 minutes - would you like to know the complete marking scheme for all the SPM Malay papers?

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Speaking practice in Bahasa Melayu Kertas 3 SPM 2022

Are you able to understand, apply, analyse and evaluate your ability to speak the Malay language? Several aspects in Bahasa Melayu speaking skills are considered in Kertas 3 (1103/3), which incorporate grammar and vocabulary; pronunciation, intonation and tone; fluency and mannerism; as well as ideas and meanings of words. Like Kertas 1 and Kertas 2, Kertas 3 is also made up of limited-response and open-response questions.

The two sections of the paper are Bahagian A (40 marks) and Bahagian B (30 marks), however, the format of answering these questions is far different from the written assessments. Students' speaking skills are tested both individually and in groups, with Bahagian A looking at individual speaking abilities. Students are presented with a short paragraph in Bahagian A, along with another stimulus (often in the form of pictures) - speaking skills are evaluated via Q & A with your examiner.

Did that sound nerve-wracking? Fortunately, students can also score in Bahagian B, which is a group speaking test in the form of a discussion. Students are put into groups of 3 to 5 persons and are presented with a theme or topic to discuss, such as patriotism and citizenship, or even sports and recreation. The theme is structured in a single paragraph, with the advantage of being open to students' interpretation of the question.

Although it has not been confirmed whether students have the freedom to decide on their own group members, it is likely that the setting for Kertas 3 this year and SPM 2022 onwards follows the previous format of students selecting their own teammates and being assessed by the subject teacher. For the time allocation, the individual speaking test is expected to last around just 3 to 5 minutes, while the group speaking test is slightly longer at 12 to 15 minutes.

You can also check out everything you need to know about SPM Malay 2021.

SPM 2022 Malay speaking exam
Form 5 students are tested on speaking skills in Kertas 3, both individually and in groups. For the individual exam, students undergo a Q & A session with the examiner, whereas the group exam is in the form of a discussion with other members. Source: unienrol.com

SPM meaning and listening skills for Bahasa Melayu Kertas 4

One of the biggest changes to the SPM meaning in Malay is this new paper introduced just this year - can students exhibit their potential to understand, apply and analyse Bahasa Melayu via listening skills? Kertas 4 (1103/4), being a listening skills paper, focuses on Malay language skills and the application of audible information, and tests students' ability to provide accurate answers based on the audio being heard.

Form 5 students are assessed in the form of objective questions and limited-response subjective questions. In simpler terms, students have to listen to excerpts being played out (such as those from short stories or speeches) and based on what was heard, provide answers to the written questions in the paper. To illustrate, students are given one minute to listen to an excerpt and then given 30 seconds to answer about 5 questions related to the excerpt.

After those 30 seconds, students are given another minute to listen to the same excerpt, and a final 30 seconds to write and double-check their answers. The process is repeated for a total of 4 to 6 excerpts in the paper, which make up roughly 20 to 25 questions for students to answer. As a whole, Kertas 4 takes up about 30 minutes to complete, while contributing a score of 30 marks.

How about some practice with the only SPM Malay papers you'll need to succeed in Bahasa Melayu?

Malay listening article format SPM
In the new Kertas 4, students are given a minute to listen to an excerpt in Bahasa Melayu before being given 30 seconds to answer the questions in the paper. Source: forbes.com

How to write summary example SPM Malay

Do you want to learn how to write a good summary example SPM in Bahasa Melayu? Improve your verbal communication skills in Malay? Be a whiz at both writing and reading in the language? Be it SPM English or SPM Malay, Superprof brings you the tutors to help build the writing, reading, speaking and listening skills you'll need to succeed in Bahasa Melayu!

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Ayleah

One part counsellor-to-be, one part food lover - Ayleah Aquino simplifies even the most complex ideas to make all things learning accessible to everyone. Read about interesting topics in Malaysia from a psychology student's perspective!