Do you know that World Science Day is celebrated each year on November 10?

It was celebrated internationally for the first time in 2002 and its primary aim is to produce global citizens that are well informed about the development of science such as topics on planet sustainability and preservation of the ecosystem.

This speaks volumes on the significance of learning Science as a subject and also raising awareness of scientific thinking in our everyday life.

That's why the development of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education is greatly emphasized in Malaysia.

If you are currently a lower secondary student and you're preparing for your PT3 Science paper, we hope this article will enlighten you on the topics and exam format of this subject and encourage you to excel in your actual exam soon.

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What Are The Themes And Topics That You Will Learn For PT3 Science?

Let's start off with the PT3 Science topics. Under the latest KSSM syllabus, you will study a total of 32 chapters under 5 themes throughout your Form 1, Form 2 and Form 3 Science. The topics are a combination of foundational Biology, Chemistry and Physics-related topics that you will learn at upper secondary level if you opt for Science stream subjects.

learn pt3 science topics
Your PT3 Science syllabus is a combination of topics from Biology, Chemistry and Physics.
Source: Photo by Rodolfo Clix from Pexels

You can refer to the lists below to see the breakdown of themes and topics.

Theme 1: Science Methodology

  • Introduction to Scientific Investigation [FORM 1]

Theme 2: Maintenance and Continuity of Life

  • Cell as the Basic Unit of Life [FORM 1]
  • Coordination and Response [FORM 1]
  • Reproduction [FORM 1]
  • Biodiversity [FORM 2]
  • Ecosystem [FORM 2]
  • Nutrition [FORM 2]
  • Human Health [FORM 2]
  • Stimuli and Responses [FORM 3]
  • Respiration [FORM 3]
  • Transportation [FORM 3]

Theme 3: Exploration of Elements in Nature

  • Matter [FORM 1]
  • Periodic Table [FORM 1]
  • Air [FORM 1]
  • Water and Solution [FORM 2]
  • Acid and Alkalis [FORM 2]
  • Reactivity of Metals [FORM 3]
  • Thermochemistry [FORM 3]

Theme 4: Energy and Sustainability of Life

  • Light and Optics [FORM 1]
  • Electricity and Magnetism [FORM 2]
  • Force and Motion [FORM 2]
  • Heat [FORM 2]
  • Sound Waves [FORM 2]
  • Electricity and Magnetism II [FORM 3]
  • Energy and Power [FORM 3]
  • Radioactivity [FORM 3]

Theme 5: Exploration of Earth and Outer Space

  • Earth [FORM 1]
  • Stars and Galaxies in the Universe [FORM 2]
  • Solar System[FORM 2]
  • Meteoroid, Asteroid, Comet [FORM 2]
  • Space Weather [FORM 3]
  • Space Exploration [FORM 3]

Mastering The Latest Exam Format Of PT3 Science

After reviewing the syllabus, it's now time to look at the structure of your exam. Previously under the PMR exam, there are 2 papers for Science.

Now, you only need to sit for 1 paper for PT3 Science and the duration of the exam is 2 hours. There are 3 sections in this paper.

Be prepared for Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) throughout all three sections!

Section A [20m]

You will sit for 20 multiple-choice questions. Questions asked could revolve around simple definition, calculation, recognizing causes and effects, matching the correct properties etc.

Sample question in Section A:


Which of the following factors are needed for the germination of seed?[1m]
I    Air
II Water
III Light
IV Nutrient

A. I and II,
B. III and IV
C. II and III
D. I and IV

Section B [20m]

There are altogether 5 questions in this section. Questions consist of identifying true or false statements, matching the right statements (definitions, characteristics), labelling the right name for processes, graphs, parts and many more.

Sample question in Section B:

Match the correct definition with the main components of the Earth [2m]


  • Zone of rock and soil on the surface of the Earth
  • Zone of air covered the Earth
  • Zone of living things consist of variety organism such as humans, animals, plants and microorganisms.


  • Biosphere
  • Atmosphere

Section C [60m]

Candidates need to answer 6 questions for this section. There will be a mixture of explanation and calculation-based questions which require you to give more specific examples and elaboration.

Sample question in Section C:

Madam Lim went to consult a doctor because she was not feeling well. The doctor confirmed that she is pregnant.
a) State what is formed after sperm and ovum are fertilised.[1m]
b)Explain why the doctor advised Madam Lim to eat a lot of red meat and broccoli.[2m]

By mastering the topics and exam format (questions and marks allocation), you'll have a better idea on what is included in the marking schemes of your PT3 Science paper too.

science paper pt3 malaysia
There are many things you can start preparing now to perform well for your actual exam.
Source: Photo by RODNAE Productions from Pexels

Where To Find The Best PT3 Science Revision Resources?

It's time to activate your revision mode as the day of your PT3 Science paper approaches. Perhaps you might want to start blasting The Final Countdown to get into the mood.

Back to this article, let's go through your "battle weapons" to ace this subject.

a) Get those Form 1 to Form 3 textbooks, and reference books ready (facts and notes)

There's no way you can run away from consuming content from your Science textbooks and reference books. After all, there's where you get an overview of your syllabus, and memorize the definitions, examples and summary questions at the end of each chapter. It's the steps of reading, reviewing, and reflecting. And the cycle repeats until every chapter is ingrained in your brain.

b) Explore the blogs and student website  (past year questions and exam tips)

Time for objective evaluation! There are many students and teachers who consistently upload past year papers and even trial papers from various states (They're life savers!) on their blogs or websites. And most of them are FREE!

Past year papers are super important! You need to know how well you fare in the commonly asked questions and where your weaknesses lie. Is it HOTS questions or is it calculation-based questions? By consistently doing past year questions, you will be familiar with the types of questions asked and gain confidence after each try.

The mistakes that you have previously made will serve as a strong reminder when you are reviewing them.

Having lots of practice with past year papers will enable you to tackle each section of the PT3 Science paper more confidently!

c) Let's get connected via social media (videos and quizzes) 

Apart from written words, another way to effectively learn and retain information is through audiovisual content. Sometimes it can get a little overwhelming and boring when you are only looking at words and paragraphs.

Visual stimulation can capture your attention better and help you to connect various topics together as you picture them in your brain. Granted that there are many questions in PT3 Science about graphs, body parts, planet structures, you can perhaps try to study these chapters through this method.

You can join many Facebook groups for PT3 students where you will come across many interesting discussions on past year questions, HOTS questions and even online quizzes everyday. It can become something that you can look forward to as it is interactive and engaging, something that will stick and stay in your mind for a long period!

learn pt3 science exam
Videos can be an effective way to learn and remember images.
Source: Photo by Mikhail Nilov from Pexels

Having A Headstart With An Overview of PT3 Science

If we are being honest, self-revision can be quite a lonely and challenging process, especially during these few years. For PT3 students, most of you will sit for at least 7 subjects where all of your papers cover the syllabus over 3 years.

That's a lot to cover on your own.

Wouldn't it be great if you have someone to guide you as you prepare for this exam?

You've read earlier that there are 32 chapters that you need to cover for your PT3 Science paper.

What if you don't have enough time to read all of them?
Will you be able to answer all the questions correctly within the time frame? 
Do you really understand every aspect in the chapter that you are learning?
Do you feel that you want to relearn a new chapter and do a different set of exercises apart from your school lessons? 

If you have answered yes to all of the 4 questions above, it is a sign that you should look for a private tutor.

At Superprof, you can find a Science tutor that offers you quality home tutoring/online tutoring depending on the subject that you want.

Just head to the Superprof Malaysia website and start browsing the tutors' profiles and after reviewing them, you can contact them with a Student Pass to book your first lesson.

Here's how you can select your PT3 Science tutor by reviewing the following criteria.

  • Their teaching expertise/ specialisation (Do they only cover PT3 Science and other levels?) 
  • Their current teaching/industrial experience (Are they still teaching/ retired/ a student/professional?)
  • Their teaching methodology (What resources are they using to teach?)
  • Their hourly rate (Is their rate within your maximum budget?) 
  • Their teaching mode (Are they only tutoring online, home tutoring or both?) 
  • Their past students' reviews (Are they efficient, patient and passionate when they're teaching?) 

Be rest assured that you can access and find all this information on their profiles. Their tutor profiles have been reviewed and validated by the Superprof team.

In less than an hour, you can find yourself a reliable and capable Science tutor!

With sufficient resources of past year questions for PT3 Science and the guidance of a reliable Superprof Science tutor, you are now more ready than ever to score an A for this subject! You can do this! 

You don't have to be great to start, but you have to start to be great.- Zig Ziglar



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An avid reader and writer, Joycelyn loves the art of communication and is passionate about all kinds of media.