Are you always looking for something to disassemble during your spare time?

Prefer tools over books anytime of the day?

Your family and friends' go-to person when something needs fixing? 

If you have just said yes to these three questions, it's a huge sign that you and TVET are a match made in heaven!

TVET stands for Technical and Vocational Education and Training and it is a skills-oriented education pathway. Individuals who have completed this training often work in specialised industries like hospitality, tourism, agriculture, ICT, electricity and welding craft practice and many more.

It is reported that out of 1.5 million jobs created by the Malaysian government in 2020, 60% of the jobs require the skillset that is possessed by TVET graduates. In short, the demand for highly skilled individuals is soaring.

In this article, we'll be looking at the development of TVET education in Malaysia and how the Sijil Vokasional Malaysia (SVM) is important to equip students to pursue a promising career in this industry.

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Where Can Secondary School Students Undergo Technical And Vocational Education And Training (TVET) In Malaysia?

In Malaysia, TVET education is officially offered to students who have completed their primary education (Standard 6).

There are two categories for TVET education for secondary school level. One focuses more on vocational studies (practical skills) whole another one focuses more on technical studies (academic based that leans towards technical fields like engineering)

Here are two secondary level institutions that students can apply to according to their interest and results.

Technical Institutes (Sekolah Menengah Teknik)

This is for students who have achieved excellent results (especially in Mathematic and Science) in their lower secondary assessments in public schools (Form 3).

The duration of the whole study is 2 years (Form 4 and Form 5) and the study syllabus will focus on STEM subjects.

Among the subjects that students will learn at the technical institutes include:

  1. Civil engineering
  2. Electric and electronic engineering
  3. Mechanical engineering
  4. Commerce
  5. Agriculture

Technical institutes students will still sit for SPM.

Vocational Colleges (Kolej Vokasional)

Students who enrol at vocational college will undergo a two year training to attain the Sijil Vokasional Malaysia (SVM.) After they have passed the examinations, they can then proceed to take the two year and six months Diploma Vkasional Malaysia (DVM) which includes on the job training.

After they have graduated from the vocational college, they can further their studies to get a degree at a local university or polytechnic, or start working.

Vocational college students do not need to sit for SPM but they will be taking core subjects that are equivalent to the exam.

svm malaysia study
If you are hand on person who loves tools, vocational studies may be for you.
Photo by Blaz Erzetic on Unsplash

What Is The Syllabus That Students Will Study For The Sijil Vokasional Malaysia?

Let's dive deep into what you will learn while pursuing the SVM.

Core Academic Subjects

Students will sit for a continuous assessment (throughout the semesters) and one final assessment for each subject. You can refer to the list below to have an overview of examination format for these subjects.

  • English
  1. The continuous assessment will test students on the listening, speaking and writing component. [30 marks]
  2. The final assessment will have 2 sections: Section A consists of 25 objective questions [25 marks], Section B consists of 2 subjective questions [45 marks].
  • Malay
  1. The continuous assessment requires students to produce a language-based folio project. [100 marks]
  2. The final assessment will test students on 4 components: Application and language system, Comprehension, Summary and Essay writing. [100 marks for each semester].
  • Mathematics 
  1. The continuous assessment requires candidates to complete a Maths-related assignment.[30 marks]
  2. The final assessment has 3 sections where students need to answer 20 objective questions [20 marks], 5 short subjective questions [30 marks] and one long structured question [10 marks] out of two options.
  • Moral Studies
  1. For continous assessment, students need to complete 2 assignments and they will undergo an attitude evaluation. [100 marks]
  2. For the final assessment, students have to answer 4 objective questions, 4 short structured questions and 1 long structured question out of two options. [70 marks].

*Muslim students will take the Islamic subject instead. You can visit this link for the complete syllabus.

  • Science
  1. For continuous assessment, students have to submit 2 practical assignments. [30 marks]
  2. For the final assessment, students have to answer 20 objective questions [20 marks],  5 to 6 structured questions [30 marks] and 1 practical structured question [20 marks]
  • History 
  1. For continuous assessment, students have to complete one assignment. [50 marks].
  2. For the final assessment, students have to answer 10 objective questions , 3 short structured questions and 2 long structured questions for their Semeser 1, 2 and 3. [100 marks]
  3. For Semester 4, they have to answer 20 objective questions, 4 short structured questions and 2 long structured questions out of 4 options. [100 marks]

Vocational Subjects Offered

These are the subjects that you get to learn at Kolej Vokasionals in Malaysia to receive the SVM qualification. There are altogether 33 vocational subjects. You can choose the subjects based on your vocational specilisation.

  • Aquaculture
  • Biotechnology
  • Landscape
  • Food processing
  • Agro-industrial plantation
  • Agro-industrial ruminant livestock
  • Agro-industrial poultry
  • Agro-mechanisation
  • Culinary art
  • Fashion design
  • Bakery and pastry
  • Cosmetology
  • Tourism
  • Early childhood education
  • Marketing
  • Accounting
  • Business management
  • Retail management
  • Administrative secretary
  • Electric technology
  • Electronic technology
  • Welding technology
  • Automative technology
  • Industrial machinery technology
  • Air conditioning and refrigeration technology
  • Building technology
  • Wood processing and packaging technology
  • Computer system and network technology
  • Animation technology
  • Graphic design and printed media technology
  • Database management systems and web application technology
  • Marine engine technology
  • Boat manufacturing technology
svm malaysia baking
Do you know that you can get a vocational certificate in baking?
Photo by Nadya Spetnitskaya on Unsplash

Check out this STPM guide.

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How Can Students Succesfully Obtain The Sijil Vokasional Malaysia?

Here are two tips to that will help you to do well in your registered subjects.

Tip 1: Mastering the examination format of each subject

  • Continuous Assessment 
Exam Components Theory Practical
Scope of exams Written test which comprises of folio, quizzes, task reports and presentation Project-based assessment
Full marks 100%100%
Weightage 20%50%
Duration of test Conducted throughout the semesters Conducted throughout the semesters
  • Final Assessment
Exam componentsTheory Practical
Exam structure Written test comprising of objective and subjective questions Project tasks
Scope of questions Students need to complete one written report and 3 structured questions Students need to complete 1 assignment
Total marks of exam50%100%
Weightage of exam 10%20%
Duration of exam 1 hour 2 hours

Learn more about this foreign language exam that secondary school students take in Malaysia.

Tip 2: Understand and fulfill the learning objectives of each subject

Students are also evaluated based on heir theoretical knowledge, practical skills and also work attitude on these grading scale:

  • Not Competent
  • Competent
  • Good Competent 
  • Excellent Competent 

Important note: All your subjects will be graded using the CGPA method and your final pointer will be included in your SVM later.

Hiring A Superprof Tutor To Enhance Your Academic And Vocational Subjects

Based on the earlier paragraph, it's evident that students who pursue vocational studies have to perform well academically and also in their respective fields.

It is not impossible to get good results for both learning components if you set your mind on it!

You can have the best of both worlds when you receive direct tutoring from an experienced and capable tutor at Superprof!

At Superprof, you not only will master academic subjects like languages, mathematics,  but you can also learn new subjects that are more skill-based such as :

  • Make-up
  • Baking and cooking
  • Fashion design
  • Animation and many more 

You can also opt for flexible and affordable online lessons at Superprof if you have a busy schooling schedule. Just head to the Superprof Malaysia website and start browsing the tutors' profiles to kickkstart the best tutoring experience!

You can also check out many tutors who are offering lessons of various educational examinations like IGCSE .

Where Can Students Continue Their Studies After Gaining The SVM?

After getting your SVM, it's best to continue your studies so that you can take your skills to the next level and be more employable when you enter the workforce later.

a) Pursue a Diploma Vokasional Malaysia (DVM) 

This is a direct programme that you can take in the same vocational college that you studied for your SVM. Your DVM qualification is important because it serves as the key to enter a degree later.

b) Enrol in a vocational related degree at local public universities 

Here is a list of universities that you can consider:

  • Universiti Malaysia Perlis 
  • Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
  • Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka
  •  Universiti Malaysia Pahang
study vocational degree
You can obtain a vocational related degree in Malaysia.
Photo by Pang Yuhao on Unsplash

Be sure to check the latest entry requirement for the programme that you plan to apply to beforehand so that you can match your results and certificates to have a successful application.

Learn more about the UEC examination that is taken by students in Chinese Independent High Schools in Malaysia.

Why Should You Pursue Your Studies in TVET In Malaysia?

We've reached the end of this article and we figure it's best to list the 3 more important reasons why vocational studies is worth studying in Malaysia.

  • Extensive learning opportunities 

There are many branches of vocational studies that you can venture into and there is around 70 vocational colleges in Malaysia to provide you with a strong foundation in the subjects you're interested in to study.

  • Step-by-step education pathways 

After completing your SVM, you can proceed to take the DPM  and complete your secondary level education. After that, you can pursue your tertiary studies and eventually graduate with a recognised degree in your related field.

  •  Promising job opportunities 

Vocational graduates are highly demanded at all parts of the country and even overseas. You can easily apply for vocational jobs at the public service department or private sectors. Who knows, you couldeven open your own business and become an entrepreneur one day! The sky is the limit.

You'll sail your way through the world with your crafty hands and creativity! 

“Schooling doesn't assure employment but skill does.” ― Amit Kalantri, Wealth of Words

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An avid reader and writer, Joycelyn loves the art of communication and is passionate about all kinds of media.